Redistricting is the redrawing or revision of boundaries for representational districts. Local governments are responsible for local redistricting and drawing precinct boundaries. The Minnesota constitution gives the Legislature the authority to draw congressional and legislative districts, and state law requires the Legislature to draw Met Council districts. The Legislature is guided by redistricting principles and uses a specialized software to draw maps and create reports. The redistricting principles on a federal level focus on equality in congressional and legislative districts and no discrimination based on race. The state redistricting principles require convenient contiguous territory, and that districts are nested and numbered in a regular series.
The timeline for this cycle of redistricting plans to have new Met Council districts effective by 2023, with local government timelines based on the completion of legislative and congressional redistricting plans. Right now, population reports are being delivered to the president and congress is reapportioning the seats. Around March 2021, there should be a delivery of census data to the states. February 15, 2022 is the deadline for the legislature to complete redistricting. By May 8, 2022 candidates must establish residence in their legislative district and January 31 is the candidate filing deadline. August 9, 2022 is the state primary election and November 8 is the general election, which is why the goal is to have new Met Council districts effective by 2023.